Education in Indonesia

Education is one of the key vehicles for the intellectual and professional development of our people and plays an increasingly important role in supporting a stronger and more globally competitive Indonesia. However, education in Indonesia still has several problems related to quality and access as well as the even distribution of well-trained teachers.

Limited access to education in rural areas has contributed to increased urbanization as families relocate to cities in order to acquire better education. According to the Indonesian education activist Anies Baswedan, “the problem is that the number of education facilities in [the] Greater Jakarta area (Jabodetabek) is proportional, but we have a problem in the rural areas and it is causing urbanization to Jakarta.” Baswedan calls for expanded educational access through the provision of increased educational services for communities as a whole. “If the schools are only located in district’s capital, then many people might not be able to achieve proper education,” he said.

Furthermore, the number of qualified teachers is still not evenly distributed in rural areas. According to the Director General of Primary Education at the Ministry of Education and Culture, Muhammad Hamid, many elementary schools (SD) in Indonesia face a serious shortage of teachers. The amount is estimated to reach 112,000 teachers.

To overcome the uneven teacher distribution, the Ministry of Education and Culture will work closely with local governments, both provincial and district / city, to improve teacher allocation in these areas. “If the teacher allocation can be optimally managed, areas that have a surplus of teachers can be transferred to nearby districts,” said Hamid.
In order to increase the number of qualified teachers in schools in Indonesia, the Ministry will offer bachelor degree scholarships for elementary (SD) and secondary school (SMP) teachers. Hamid estimates that only 60% of the 1.85 million elementary school teachers in Indonesia have bachelor degrees. Each year, the ministry also provide 100,000 bachelor degree scholarships for aspiring elementary and secondary school teachers.

Of 120 countries included in the 2012 UNESCO Education For All Global Monitoring Report, which measures education quality, Indonesia is ranked 64th. UNESCO’s 2011 Education Development Index (EDI) ranked Indonesia 69th out of 127 countries.

Additionally, the number of children that have dropped out of school in Indonesia is still high. “Based on the Ministry’s data in 2010, there are more than 1.8 million children each year cannot continue their education. This is caused by three factors, namely economic factors, children who are forced to work to support the family, and marriage at an early age,” according to the Directorate General of Higher Education Secretary Dr. Ir. Patdono Suwignjo, M. Eng, Sc in Jakarta.

Role of Education in Development

Education has the task to transform and prepare the human resource development. The pace of development has always strived step in rhythm with the demands of the times. The times always bring up new issues that have never thought about before. This chapter will examine the underlying problems of education, and serve targeted interplay between the principal, the factors influencing its development and actual problems and ways to overcome them.

What will happen if the development in Indonesia is not accompanied by development in the field of education?. Despite his physical development is good, but what’s the point when the nation’s moral decline. If this happens, the economy would be problematic, because each person will be corruption. So it will eventually come a day when the state and the nation is destroyed. Therefore, for prevention, education must be one of the priorities in the development of the country

Government and Education Problems Solutions

Regarding the issue pedidikan, our government’s attention was still very minimal. This picture is reflected in the diversity of an increasingly complex education issues. The quality of students is still low, teachers are less professional, cost of education, even chaotic Education Act rules. The impact of poor education, the future of our country gets dragged. This downturn may also result from the average size of budget allocations for education at the national, provincial, and city and county.

Solving the problems of education should not be done separately, but must be steps or actions that are thorough. That is, we not only pay attention to increase the budget only. Because it’s useless, if the quality of human resources and quality of education in Indonesia is still low. Problem Nine-year Compulsory Education implementation is still a true great PR for us. The fact that we can see that many in the countryside who do not have adequate educational facilities. With the abandonment of the nine-year compulsory education program resulted in Indonesian children are still many who drop out of school before completing their nine-year compulsory education. Under these conditions, when no significant change in policy, it is difficult for this nation out of the educational problems that exist, let alone survive the competition in the global era.

Ideal conditions in the field of education in Indonesia is every child can go to school at least until the high school level regardless of status because that is their right. But it is very difficult to realize at this time. Therefore, at least everyone has an equal chance of attending any education. If you look at the above problems, there is an inequity between the rich and the poor. As if the school’s only rich people just so that people with low to feel inferior to school and hang out with them. Plus the publication of the school about scholarships is very minimal.

Free Schools in Indonesia should have adequate facilities, competent faculty, the curriculum is appropriate, and has the administrative and bureaucratic system of good and uncomplicated. However, in reality, free schools are schools located in remote areas of slums and everything was not able to support the school bench which raised the question, “Is it true that the school is free? If yes, yes reasonable because it is very alarming.